How To Create An Academic Paper

Are you curious about academic writing?

This article is best guide for writing academically. It would visualize that how you can create academic paper.

Firstly you should know Academic writing is the process of breaking down ideas and using deductive reasoning, formal voice and it discusses with the third person’s voice. It is unlike a blog writing that use first or second person’s point of view like I, You, We. Here are some major points of academic writing.

There are four major types of academic writing:

  1. Descriptive
  2. Analytical
  3. Persuasive and
  4. Critical

These types are according to the need of preparing a draft.


You have seen that many assignments require information about a company, its business strategies, its human resources, supply chain, IT infrastructure and finance. It is the simplest form of academic writing but provide comprehensive detail about the company.


Analytical approach is different from descriptive one. All academic writing includes appropriate discipline in it. You have to maintain a flow from introduction to conclusion. For example if you prepare analysis in comparison of two countries or two companies, it would involves theories in different form such as social context, practices and language learning.

In order to make a paper analytical you have to:

  • Plan, brainstorm facts and ideas and pattern of draft preparation like similarities and differences flow charts, tree diagrams and tables.
  • Decide that what are you going to incorporate in this paper
  • Built each section on the analytical theme of the particular topic
  • Manipulate paper structure


Persuasive writing is one step ahead of the analytical writing. You can observe the name of persuasive writing that is persuading the facts and figures. Most of the essays include persuasiveness in them.

The main theme of persuasive writing basically is evaluation, argument and discussion.

For supporting the persuasive facts and ideas you have to:

  • Research other’s point of views (particularly scholarly articles and books)
  • Look for patterns in data or references to identify strongest evidence
  • Identify real-life implications that is beneficial
  • Discuss facts and ideas with someone else

Persuasive kind of papers is also known as argumentative paper, in order to develop argument one has to:

  • Search reasons of what you are writing
  • Think and identify different kind of sources as evidence of your point of view
  • Develop reasons for what previously written by researchers
  • Breaking down information and highlight each part such as environmental, cost effectiveness, scope of real-world application and sustainability


Critical writing is common among postgraduate, research and advanced undergraduate writing. It involves features of persuasive writing. However, persuasively written papers include at least one point of view and critical analysis involves two viewpoints that is backed by your own opinion at the last.

An example of this kind of critical academic writing involves a critique from a journal article or literature reviews to identify the strengths and weaknesses of existing research.

There are further divisions of critical writing that involves debate, critique, evaluate and disagree.

For establishing a critical academic paper one has to:

  • Provide accurate summary of the discussion
  • Your own appropriate opinion for the discussion
  • Give evidence of each point of view you incorporated in the paper

Purpose of academic writing is to develop understanding of the reader. It should be thus, concise and clear.

Most of the college-level research papers involve following elements to be followed:

Planned and focused

The structure of overall assignment should be well prepared, formal and logical. Students may not start with the manipulation of structure from the beginning. But as they go through different sections and questions of their assignments they start preparing a flow of structure.


Development of researcher paper involves unambiguity in the assignments. We have to research many things and put all information at one place. For this purpose language may dwindle at several places. In this situation, paragraphs and sentences should be inter-linked with each other. Moreover, vague expressions are avoided in academic writing such as they, people, the organization etc. The assignment should be specific and avoid use of the words such as very, incredible, super etc.

The important element in academic writing is writing using passive voice. For instance in the following sentence:

Tesco use cost-differentiation strategy to remain competent in the market.

Tesco and cost-differentiation strategy are important. Hence, you may write it as:

Cost-differentiation strategy is focused by Tesco to achieve competency in the industry.

This practice would enhance different features of writing assignments.


The academic writing involves concrete, precise and summative narrative tone. Therefore, punctuation marks are required to place at different positions in the paper to make it a formal paper. However, punctuation marks are avoided in the academic writing because it shows over excitement and remains unsophisticated. Dashes and hyphens are minimized in the case of academic writing.

They give an impression of informal writing that is why they are used seldom in the papers. For instance hyphens may use to connect the prefixes like over-burden, multi-dimensional etc.

Evidence-Based arguments

The evidence based arguments give weightage to the authenticity of information provided in your assignment. It is necessary to develop an argument and precisely discuss it. However, there is the need of certain evidence form scholarly articles and books to confirm that these arguments exist in the world previously. This practice is necessary for the document where there is need of proposing solutions for the identified problem (s).

Complexity and Higher-Order Thinking

The academic writing involves conciseness and concreteness in it. This is the reason that it requires complexity of the discussion and information provided in the document. Moreover, there should be logical thinking behind information that has received and articulated in the paper. The theme of your paper should be reflective, critical, creative as well as logical.

It is also noticeable that paper is relevant to the topic and comprehends knowledge maintaining its relevancy. The ideas should represent in the comprehensive manner advocating explanation about the opinion you have articulated.

This understanding of kind of academic writing and tips articulated will help students to develop clear explanation towards reader that what you want to state. Precisely, it will portray your opinion.

Anthony Wheeler

Thinker. Student. Extreme analyst. Devoted food ninja. Infuriatingly humble reader. Explorer

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